Literature Review on Equity and Access to Tertiary Education in the Latin America and Caribbean Region
 
 

Literature Review on Equity and Access to Tertiary Education in the Latin America and Caribbean Region

The evolution of tertiary education systems in LAC illustrates important lessons to be taken into consideration to design and implement policies aiming to improve the equity of access and of outcomes. Firstly, it is necessary to increase efforts to continue enhancing access, progression and completion rates. Although there has been an impressive expansion of gross enrollment rates (mainly in private institutions) in LAC countries, these are still relatively low and exhibit limited improvement s as compared to other regions. Moreover, special attention must be paid to internal efficiency, since there are relatively high levels of dropouts and decreased graduation efficiency in comparison to those in high -income countries. This document is based on a survey of the literature on equity and access to tertiary education in Latin America and the Caribbean. Although it is not exhaustive, it attempts to outline the main lessons, through the presentation of the situation in the region as well as recommendations. The document is divided into four chapters; each presents data and analysis developed in relevant literature and is followed by a list of additional references.
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University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Universitatea din București
Università degli studi di Bergamo
University of Bristol
Instituto politécnico de Leiria
Equipo de Desarrollo Organizacional - UAB
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