Principales determinantes del acceso a la educación superior en España: ¿existen diferencias antes y después de la crisis?
The causal link between the socioeconomic background of young people and the access to < Back
higher education (HE) in Spain is analyzed in this paper. In particular, it focuses on the
comparison of these effects before and after the economic crisis. It is shown that, despite the current situation of the labour market, the demand for higher education has kept growing during the period.
Using data from the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions Spanish survey it is
estimated a binomial logit for 2006 and 2010. Results show that the main factors having a
significant positive impact on the probability of starting HE are higher family income, being a woman, having parents with HE and living in a region with a larger percentage of people with HE or with a higher rate of youth unemployment. Moreover, the analysis reveals a contrast between the periods under study -before and after the beginning of the crisis. It is found that the most salient differences are in the impact of the level of education of the parents and the differences in the difference between the effect of the mother and father unemployment. Other factors are found to have a similar impact.